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Vision Therapy — Developmental Optometry

Vision isn’t just about seeing well — it’s about how we interpret and interact with the world visually.

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Effective vision comes down to the way the brain and eyes interact. Whether reading words on the board, catching a ball, or tying our shoelaces, we rely on our visual system to work properly in order to succeed in these and other tasks.

Someone can pass all vision screening exams and excel in reading the charts on the wall, but still struggle with poor hand-eye coordination, reading problems, diminished focus, strabismus, convergence insufficiency, and amblyopia —all of which can be effectively addressed through vision therapy.

What is Vision Therapy?


Vision Therapy, also known as Developmental Optometry, is a custom regimen of individualized activities and exercises made to retrain the brain and eyes to work better as a team and improve vision functioning. The aim of vision therapy is to enhance vision processing skills such as eye-tracking, focusing and eye teaming abilities, as well as hand-eye coordination and visual processing speed. This is effective for those struggling with reading, memory, focus, balance, fixation, picking up an object out of the background—and a wide range of other visual tasks.

Vision therapy is not only for children, but can also be effective in adults — particularly if they are determined to improve their visual abilities and strictly adhere to the program. Contact The Vision Therapy Center of Judson Family Vision Care to learn how Dr. Judson can help you or your child function better in the day-to-day life.

eye care, children vision therapy

Who Can Benefit From Vision Therapy?


A large number of patients have an undiagnosed vision condition that might be affecting their ability to function, learn, and thrive.

Vision therapy can help patients of all ages with conditions and symptoms related to:

  • Amblyopia
  • Strabismus
  • Convergence Insufficiency
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Learning Disability
  • Down Syndrome
  • Autism
  • Developmental Disorders
  • ADD/ADHD
  • Dyslexia
  • Anyone seeking to reach peak performance in sports (Sports Vision Training)

Vision Issues: What Symptoms Should You Look Out For?


Teachers, parents, and adults should be on the lookout for the symptoms listed below, as they may indicate a vision issue.

  • Lazy eye, cross-eye, double vision
  • Difficulty Reading
  • Poor classroom performance
  • Difficulty staying focused
  • Strabismus (where both eyes are not aligned)
  • Amblyopia (lazy eye)
  • Poor hand-eye coordination
  • Constant squinting/head tilting
  • Using fingers to read
  • Favors one eye over the other
  • Poor handwriting
  • Headaches or fatigue after reading or computer work

eye exam, vision issues at school
eye care, vision therapy quiz

Vision Therapy for Strabismus


Strabismus, also known as an “eye turn” or “cross-eye”, is a condition characterized by the improper alignment of the eyes. One of the eyes may look straight ahead, while the other eye may turn inward, outward, upward, or downward.

Vision therapy is a very effective treatment for strabismus. It helps correct the eye misalignment and trains the brain to use both eyes simultaneously, thus merging the images seen by each eye into one consolidated image. Furthermore, vision therapy strengthens neurological pathways to ensure eye teaming over a range of distances.

Vision Therapy for Amblyopia


Amblyopia or “lazy eyes” is a neuro-developmental vision condition where one eye has reduced eyesight, even while wearing glasses or contacts. If left untreated, amblyopia can negatively impact a child’s success in work, school, sports, and friendships.

Traditionally, patching the better-seeing eye was the only method used to treat amblyopia. It is, however, very uncomfortable and offers limited results past a certain age.

Vision therapy, on the other hand, can help improve the amblyope’s visual abilities through a variety of personalized exercises used to improve eye coordination, depth perception and reduce suppression (where the brain inhibits —suppresses —blurred or double vision by ignoring the image of one of the eyes).

How Does Vision Therapy Work?


Vision therapy consists of personalized exercises that make use of lenses, prisms, filters, occluders, and other equipment aimed at developing visual skills and processing. Nowadays, thanks to advanced technologies and new computer-based therapies, doing and tracking homework is easier than ever. Computer programs and vision therapy apps have turned traditional vision therapy exercises into fun and interactive activities.

Vision Therapy typically consists of a weekly 45-minute in-office appointment and approximately 15-minutes of assigned daily exercises. The vision therapy program can range from a few weeks to several months, depending on the severity of the diagnosis, eye health, and patient compliance. Vision therapy involves close monitoring and follow-up appointments to ensure that there are noticeable improvements and positive changes in the patient’s visual functions. Over the course of the program, the eye doctor will decide how many visits are required in order to achieve optimal results.

How Long Will It Take For to See Results with Vision Therapy?


For some people, gains can be experienced fairly soon. For others, it may take others up to 6 months to realize significant results. This, however, depends on each patient, their unique therapy regimen and their adherence to the vision therapy program.

Is There an Age Limit to Vision Therapy?


There is no age limit. Because of the brain’s neuroplasticity, the brain remains dynamic and flexible throughout one’s life. Just as with training a muscle or playing an instrument, the more we practice, the more skillful we become and the better our visual function.

Does Vision Or Medical Insurance Cover The Cost Of Vision Therapy?


Vision therapy may be covered under major medical insurance plans (vision therapy is most often applied to a medical policy as opposed to a vision policy). However, certain insurance companies may deny or place severe limits on coverage for vision therapy as a cost-saving measure. When sorting out the insurance details for vision therapy, it’s important to know what questions to ask of your insurance agent or workplace HR department.

If you’re considering vision therapy, let us help you understand how to ask the right questions of your insurance company to determine whether you can get coverage.

The first step in determining whether vision therapy can help you or your child with work, school, and sports, is to contact The Vision Therapy Center of Judson Family Vision Care and schedule a comprehensive exam with Dr. Judson. Following the exam, Dr. Judson will provide a diagnosis and determine whether vision therapy is the best course of action. If so, you or your child will be prescribed an individualized eye treatment program.

The Vision Therapy Center of Judson Family Vision Care is committed to transforming lives through vision therapy. We serve patients from Terre Haute, Bloomington, Youngstown, Vigo County, and throughout Indiana .

Serving Vision Therapy Patients from:

Terre Haute | Bloomington | Youngstown | Vigo County | and throughout Indiana

  • Some visual conditions cannot be treated adequately with glasses, contact lenses and/or patching, and are best resolved through a program of Vision Therapy.
  • Children with undetected vision problems can struggle with reading and writing, which can adversely affects their studies and quality of life. Read on to find out the ways a developmental optometrist can help.
  • Have your child take our quiz to discover if he/she has functional vision issues that stand in the way of his academic achievement and quality of life.
  • None of us know exactly how others see, and especially children do not often recognize when some aspect of their vision is not “normal.” As a result, children with vision problems will often attempt to compensate for a vision problem through behavioral changes. For example, a child with reduced eye teaming skills may cover one eye when reading, giving preference to the “good” eye.
  • Several conditions can affect your vision and cause several different symptoms.  Learn more about these conditions and how vision therapy can help!
  • Dr. Judson has treated patients with visual difficulties (not just the need for glasses and contacts) of all ages.  Her youngest vision therapy patient has been 3 years old and the oldest in his 80's.  She does treat patients younger than 3 with home activities as needed.
  • When patients complete their vision therapy program, the changes that many experience are tremendous.  Dr. Judson has asked many of her graduates to complete success stories of their journey with vision therapy to be able to share with others the successes that are possible.  Please enjoy several of the success stories Dr. Judson has received over the years.
  • Many people think that vision therapy is only for children. However, adults have as much need for this type of vision care as children. Vision Therapy is often more effective for adults because they are usually more motivated to improve their visual abilities, whereas children may not understand that they have a problem or how that problem may affect their interests or future.
  • Studies have shows that at least 70% (some show as high as 90%) of juvenile delinquents have a vision related learning problem.
  • This link contains excepts from an interview with Dr. Lenny Press, behavioral optometrist and author of the textbook Applied Concepts in Vision Therapy.  He addresses questions and opinions in regards to vision therapy and directs the reader to relevant medical literature and web pages.  He also discusses the many applications of vision therapy to a wide range of visual and learning difficulties.
  • In this section of our website, you will find links to research as well as several other educational websites related to vision therapy.
  • Dr. Judson's passion is identifying and treating vision problems that are often undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. It is a joy when she is able to see her patients thrive in areas that previously caused struggles.   As such, she strives to build strong co-management relationships with her referring optometrists so that she can remediate visual difficulties plaguing their patients and return the patient to them for all of their primary care needs.
  • Dr. Judson works closely with other professionals including other optometrists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, reading and education specialists, psychologists, and medical physicians to provide an integrated and therapeutic approach.
  • Vision accounts for 80 percent of learning, but vision is more than eyesight. As an educator, you’ve probably observed students who struggle despite having good eyesight. But we see with our brain, not our eyes, and vision-related learning disorders affect as many as 1 in four people.
  • The Vision Leads Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit charitable which accepts and administers donations to improve access to optometric vision therapy for the visual improvement and welfare of America’s citizens.
  • Amblyopia, referred to as “lazy eye”, is a condition where the brain and eyes are not functioning together in unison.  Vision therapy treats amblyopia (lazy eye) in children and adults alike, using proven methods of neuro-optometric therapy and developmental optometry.
  • Studies show that children with vision impairment are twice as likely to be diagnosed with ADD or ADHD as compared to their peers. Learn how vision therapy can help maximize your child's visual skills to reach their full potential.
  • Studies show that vision problems are more prominent among children with special needs than the average population. Thankfully, they can be helped using vision therapy.
  • Studies show that vision problems are more prominent among children with special needs than the average population. Thankfully, they can be helped using vision therapy.
  • Amblyopia, commonly referred to as Lazy Eye, occurs when the brain and the eye are not working in unison, resulting in decreased vision in an eye that otherwise seems healthy. The only treatment available which treats the amblyopia and not just the symptoms is Vision Therapy, also called Development Optometry.
  • The vision screening exams offered in schools and by pediatric doctors are not sufficiently thorough and can overlook eye problems and conditions which, if not managed early on, can have serious consequences. Learn about the importance of getting a comprehensive eye exam.
  • Undiagnosed vision problems are at times at the root or an overlooked component of a child’s diagnosis with ADD/ADHD or a learning disability. By undergoing a thorough eye evaluation, you may discover that the issue is, in fact, a functional vision problem. Fortunately, this can be corrected with a highly effective vision therapy program.
  • Approximately 60% of stroke survivors develop some form of visual impairment, including diminished central or peripheral vision, eye movement abnormalities, or visual perceptual defects. Focus, double vision, balance, visual memory, and depth perception are all affected. A neuro-optometrist can help rehabilitate any of these and other resultant visual aberrations.
  • Just because someone has 20/20 vision, doesn't mean that they can see well. A large percentage of students pass vision screenings with flying colors, yet still experience serious functional vision issues impacting development, life functions and learning. Only a Functional Vision Exam can evaluate whether all essential visual skills are working correctly.
  • Syntonic phototherapy (light therapy) uses visible light frequencies (color) to improve visual attention and decrease any symptoms associated with various eye problems. This therapy benefits those with double vision, eye strain and fatigue, headaches, reduced peripheral vision, and more.